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常用的数据统计Sql 总结

2017.11.02 14:22 2429浏览

最近刚在搞一个BI的项目,里面需要大量的sql 数据统计相关运用,加深了我又对SQL的理解与使用。

所以,分享几个数据统计时常用的sql 语句总结:

1.统计各个条件下的数据

select
BatchId,sum(CardSum) 总金额,
sum(case when Status=1 then CardSum else 0 end) as 已使用,
sum(case when Status=2 then CardSum else 0 end) as 已冻结 
from GiftCard 
group by BatchId

2.统计每日,每月,每年的数据

select year(AddTime) 年,month(AddTime) 月,day(AddTime) 日,COUNT(1) 数量,sum(CardSum) 销售合计
from GiftCard
group by year(AddTime),month(AddTime),day(AddTime)

3.某列去重统计

select COUNT(BatchId),COUNT(distinct BatchId),COUNT(distinct BatchName)
from GiftCard

4.行转列

SELECT *
FROM (
    SELECT 
        BatchName, 
        CardSum as TotAmount 
    FROM GiftCard

) as s
PIVOT
(    
    SUM(TotAmount)
    FOR BatchName IN (zx测试商品, test新人优惠券,测试高考大放送)
)AS MyPivo

5.得到表中最小的未使用的ID号

SELECT 
(CASE WHEN EXISTS(SELECT * FROM GiftCard b WHERE b.Id = 1) THEN MIN(Id) + 1 ELSE 1 END) as Id 
FROM GiftCard

WHERE NOT Id IN (SELECT a.Id - 1 FROM GiftCard a)

6.查询某一列数据不重复的数量

select * 
from GiftCard a 
where not exists(select 1 from GiftCard where BatchName=a.BatchName and ID<a.ID)

7.按年统计1月到12个月的销量

select year(AddTime) as '年',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=1 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '一月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=2 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '二月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=3 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '三月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=4 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '四月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=5 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '五月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=6 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '六月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=7 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '七月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=8 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '八月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=9 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '九月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=10 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '十月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=11 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '十一月',
SUM(case when MONTH(AddTime)=12 then CardSum else 0 end ) as '十二月'

from GiftCard

group by year(AddTime)
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