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libevent实现定时器

2019.08.23 11:48 250浏览

1. 定时器是怎么实现的

在之前的文章里我们讲过,libevent最后处理都是在event_base_loop调用了相应的dispatch函数,定时器也是在dispatch函数中处理的。

还是以epoll为例,在epoll_dispatch函数有以下一段代码:

	if (tv != NULL) {
		timeout = evutil_tv_to_msec_(tv);
		if (timeout < 0 || timeout > MAX_EPOLL_TIMEOUT_MSEC) {
			/* Linux kernels can wait forever if the timeout is
			 * too big; see comment on MAX_EPOLL_TIMEOUT_MSEC. */
			timeout = MAX_EPOLL_TIMEOUT_MSEC;
		}
	}

	epoll_apply_changes(base);
	event_changelist_remove_all_(&base->changelist, base);

	EVBASE_RELEASE_LOCK(base, th_base_lock);

	//epoll_wait的最后一个参数即为超时时间
	res = epoll_wait(epollop->epfd, events, epollop->nevents, timeout);

	EVBASE_ACQUIRE_LOCK(base, th_base_lock);

	if (res == -1) {
		if (errno != EINTR) {
			event_warn("epoll_wait");
			return (-1);
		}

		return (0);
	}

从上面代码可以看出,是通过epoll_wait的超时机制来实现定时器的,这样我们就可以知道,其实定时器就是利用了select和epoll_wait等这些系统函数的超时机制,才实现的定时器。

总的来讲,定时器就是在事件主循环中,等待网络调用超时,当超时以后,将任务写入队列,然后处理队列,调用回调函数,这样就实现了定时器。

2. 定时器代码实现

看libevent源代码中例子:

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <event2/event-config.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <time.h>
#ifdef EVENT__HAVE_SYS_TIME_H
#include <sys/time.h>
#endif
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>

#include <event2/event.h>
#include <event2/event_struct.h>
#include <event2/util.h>

struct timeval lasttime;

int event_is_persistent;

static void
timeout_cb(evutil_socket_t fd, short event, void *arg)
{
	struct timeval newtime, difference;
	struct event *timeout = (struct event*)arg;
	double elapsed;

	evutil_gettimeofday(&newtime, NULL);
	evutil_timersub(&newtime, &lasttime, &difference);
	elapsed = difference.tv_sec +
	    (difference.tv_usec / 1.0e6);

	printf("timeout_cb called at %d: %.3f seconds elapsed.\n",
	    (int)newtime.tv_sec, elapsed);
	lasttime = newtime;

	if (! event_is_persistent) {
		struct timeval tv;
		evutil_timerclear(&tv);
		tv.tv_sec = 2;
		event_add(timeout, &tv);
	}
}

int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	struct event timeout;
	struct timeval tv;
	struct event_base *base;
	int flags;

	if (argc == 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-p")) {
		event_is_persistent = 1;
		flags = EV_PERSIST;
	} else {
		event_is_persistent = 0;
		flags = 0;
	}

	/* Initalize the event library */
	base = event_base_new();

	/* Initalize one event */
	event_assign(&timeout, base, -1, flags, timeout_cb, (void*) &timeout);

	evutil_timerclear(&tv);
	tv.tv_sec = 3;
	event_add(&timeout, &tv);

	evutil_gettimeofday(&lasttime, NULL);

	event_base_dispatch(base);

	return (0);
}

实现三秒调用一次回调函数,执行结果如下:

timeout_cb called at 1535528104: 3.001 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528107: 3.000 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528110: 3.001 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528113: 2.999 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528116: 3.000 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528119: 3.002 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528122: 2.999 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528125: 3.001 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528128: 3.000 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528131: 3.000 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528134: 2.999 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528137: 3.000 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528140: 3.000 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528143: 3.000 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528146: 3.000 seconds elapsed.
timeout_cb called at 1535528149: 3.002 seconds elapsed.
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本文原创发布于慕课网 ,转载请注明出处,谢谢合作

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