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匹配有效IPv 6地址的正则表达式

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匹配有效IPv 6地址的正则表达式

qq_笑_17 2019-07-03 15:56:48

匹配有效IPv 6地址的正则表达式

我很难编写一个与有效IPv 6地址匹配的正则表达式,包括那些压缩形式的地址(与::或每个字节对中省略的前导零)。

有人能建议一个符合要求的正则表达式吗?

我正在考虑扩展每个字节对,并将结果与一个更简单的正则表达式匹配。


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3 回答

?
精慕HU

使用POSIX正则表达式时,我无法获得@Factor神秘的答案,所以我编写了一个用于POSIX正则表达式和Perl正则表达式的方法。

它应该匹配:

IPv 6正则表达式:

(([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){7,7}[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}|([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,7}:|([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,6}:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}|([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,5}(:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,2}|([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,4}(:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,3}|([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,3}(:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,4}|([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,2}(:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,5}|[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:((:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,6})|:((:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,7}|:)|fe80:(:[0-9a-fA-F]{0,4}){0,4}%[0-9a-zA-Z]{1,}|::(ffff(:0{1,4}){0,1}:){0,1}((25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9])\.){3,3}(25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9])|([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,4}:((25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9])\.){3,3}(25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9]))

为了便于阅读,下面是在主要或点处分割成不同行的正则表达式:


# IPv6 RegEx

(

([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){7,7}[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}|          # 1:2:3:4:5:6:7:8

([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,7}:|                         # 1::                              1:2:3:4:5:6:7::

([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,6}:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}|         # 1::8             1:2:3:4:5:6::8  1:2:3:4:5:6::8

([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,5}(:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,2}|  # 1::7:8           1:2:3:4:5::7:8  1:2:3:4:5::8

([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,4}(:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,3}|  # 1::6:7:8         1:2:3:4::6:7:8  1:2:3:4::8

([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,3}(:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,4}|  # 1::5:6:7:8       1:2:3::5:6:7:8  1:2:3::8

([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,2}(:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,5}|  # 1::4:5:6:7:8     1:2::4:5:6:7:8  1:2::8

[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:((:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,6})|       # 1::3:4:5:6:7:8   1::3:4:5:6:7:8  1::8  

:((:[0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}){1,7}|:)|                     # ::2:3:4:5:6:7:8  ::2:3:4:5:6:7:8 ::8       ::     

fe80:(:[0-9a-fA-F]{0,4}){0,4}%[0-9a-zA-Z]{1,}|     # fe80::7:8%eth0   fe80::7:8%1     (link-local IPv6 addresses with zone index)

::(ffff(:0{1,4}){0,1}:){0,1}

((25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9])\.){3,3}

(25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9])|          # ::255.255.255.255   ::ffff:255.255.255.255  ::ffff:0:255.255.255.255  (IPv4-mapped IPv6 addresses and IPv4-translated addresses)

([0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}:){1,4}:

((25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9])\.){3,3}

(25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9])           # 2001:db8:3:4::192.0.2.33  64:ff9b::192.0.2.33 (IPv4-Embedded IPv6 Address)

)


# IPv4 RegEx

((25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9])\.){3,3}(25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9])

为了更容易理解上面的内容,下面的“伪”代码复制了上面的代码:


IPV4SEG  = (25[0-5]|(2[0-4]|1{0,1}[0-9]){0,1}[0-9])

IPV4ADDR = (IPV4SEG\.){3,3}IPV4SEG

IPV6SEG  = [0-9a-fA-F]{1,4}

IPV6ADDR = (

           (IPV6SEG:){7,7}IPV6SEG|                # 1:2:3:4:5:6:7:8

           (IPV6SEG:){1,7}:|                      # 1::                                 1:2:3:4:5:6:7::

           (IPV6SEG:){1,6}:IPV6SEG|               # 1::8               1:2:3:4:5:6::8   1:2:3:4:5:6::8

           (IPV6SEG:){1,5}(:IPV6SEG){1,2}|        # 1::7:8             1:2:3:4:5::7:8   1:2:3:4:5::8

           (IPV6SEG:){1,4}(:IPV6SEG){1,3}|        # 1::6:7:8           1:2:3:4::6:7:8   1:2:3:4::8

           (IPV6SEG:){1,3}(:IPV6SEG){1,4}|        # 1::5:6:7:8         1:2:3::5:6:7:8   1:2:3::8

           (IPV6SEG:){1,2}(:IPV6SEG){1,5}|        # 1::4:5:6:7:8       1:2::4:5:6:7:8   1:2::8

           IPV6SEG:((:IPV6SEG){1,6})|             # 1::3:4:5:6:7:8     1::3:4:5:6:7:8   1::8

           :((:IPV6SEG){1,7}|:)|                  # ::2:3:4:5:6:7:8    ::2:3:4:5:6:7:8  ::8       ::       

           fe80:(:IPV6SEG){0,4}%[0-9a-zA-Z]{1,}|  # fe80::7:8%eth0     fe80::7:8%1  (link-local IPv6 addresses with zone index)

           ::(ffff(:0{1,4}){0,1}:){0,1}IPV4ADDR|  # ::255.255.255.255  ::ffff:255.255.255.255  ::ffff:0:255.255.255.255 (IPv4-mapped IPv6 addresses and IPv4-translated addresses)

           (IPV6SEG:){1,4}:IPV4ADDR               # 2001:db8:3:4::192.0.2.33  64:ff9b::192.0.2.33 (IPv4-Embedded IPv6 Address)

           )

我在GitHub上发布了一个脚本,用于测试正则表达式:https://gist.github.com/syzdek/6086792


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反对 回复 2019-07-03
?
扬帆大鱼

以下内容将验证IPv 4、IPv 6(完整和压缩)和IPv 6v4(完整和压缩)地址:

'/^(?>(?>([a-f0-9]{1,4})(?>:(?1)){7}|(?!(?:.*[a-f0-9](?>:|$)){8,})((?1)(?>:(?1)){0,6})?::(?2)?)|(?>(?>(?1)(?>:(?1)){5}:|(?!(?:.*[a-f0-9]:)
{6,})(?3)?::(?>((?1)(?>:(?1)){0,4}):)?)?(25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|[1-9]?[0-9])(?>\.(?4)){3}))$/iD'


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反对 回复 2019-07-03
?
德玛西亚99

从“IPv 6正则集":

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,1}(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,6}\Z)|

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,2}(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,5}\Z)|

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,3}(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,4}\Z)|

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,4}(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,3}\Z)|

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,5}(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,2}\Z)|

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,6}(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,1}\Z)|

(\A(([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,7}|:):\Z)|

(\A:(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,7}\Z)|

(\A((([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){6})(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)){3})\Z)|

(\A(([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){5}[0-9a-f]{1,4}:(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)){3})\Z)|

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){5}:[0-9a-f]{1,4}:(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)){3}\Z)|

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,1}(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,4}:(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)){3}\Z)|

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,2}(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,3}:(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)){3}\Z)|

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,3}(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,2}:(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)){3}\Z)|

(\A([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,4}(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,1}:(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)){3}\Z)|

(\A(([0-9a-f]{1,4}:){1,5}|:):(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)){3}\Z)|

(\A:(:[0-9a-f]{1,4}){1,5}:(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|[0-1]?\d?\d)){3}\Z)

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